In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The Power that created all the creational systems made them according to a measure, the Decree (qadr), by which all creational manifestations are brought to their destiny, qaḍā’, and final judgment. In this surah we are given a glimpse into an aspect of the meaning of qaḍā’ wa qadr (destiny and decree).
Qaḍā’ means “fate, destiny, judgment, justice, decree,” and “that which has passed,” and while qadr means “measure, decree,” it also means “destiny” because it is according to a measure that things unfold and develop. The judgment, or the final destiny, of any created thing follows according to its measure, its qadr, for if it did not, there would be chaos. These measures may fluctuate and interweave within definite bounds, but there must be a measure in order for man to know the limits and to gain knowledge of the world.
Ayah-01: Certainly, We sent it down on the Night of the Decree.
Laylat al-qadr is the Night of Power, or the Night of the Decree. The knowledge of what is written descended on the night of power and was made known to the Prophet Muhammad, ṣalla-llāhu ‘alayhi wa ālihi wa sallam. Thus it is the night when he was empowered with knowledge, the night when the hidden tablet was unveiled to him.
From ‘Beams of Illumination from the Divine Revelation’
By Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri